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【考托福高分技巧】TOEFL-iBT 托福閱讀考滿分秘訣-推論及暗示題解題示範

推論及暗示題型的key word 為 “ infer “ (推論)  或 “ imply “ (暗示) , 通常題目會問

 ***Infer
→  After reading Paragraph .., which of the following can be inferred?
→  What can be inferred from the passage?
 
 ***Imply
→ What does the statement ….. imply in the passage?
→ What does the author imply by saying …

推論及暗示題型於托福閱讀文章中無直接或明顯之證據,必須就其文章中所提供之內容敘述,分析判斷和猜測其正確答案。一般而言,同學可就文章所提供之細節、觀點、看法及引述例證來進行推理。推論及暗示題型又可細分為

(1) 細節推論題
(2) 全文內容推論題
(3) 作者態度觀點推斷題

為精確推論上述題型,文中所出現之相關輔助語詞亦不容忽視,例如:
●表時間之先後關係詞 --- before、previously、formerly 、afterward、thereafter、presently、subsequently等。
●表對比關係詞 ---
although、even though / even if、despite、in spite of 、by contrast、while、nevertheless、
still等。
●表因果關係詞 ---
therefore、hence、thus、consequently、accordingly、as a result、for the purpose等。
●表數量詞 ---
some、others、most、the rest等。
 
遇到推論及暗示題型時,同學可依照下列解題技巧:
1.    審視題意 --- 通透理解題幹之問題敘述.
2.    搜索核心關鍵字詞 --- 解題之關鍵字詞 (key words/ phrases).
3.    原文定位 --- 透過核心關鍵字詞進行段落鎖定問題之所在.
4.    分析比對判讀 --- 進行文意論述之分析解讀.

以下戴爾美語老師就下列篇章示範推論及暗示題型的解題技巧

   Large sections of North America and Europe used to be covered by ice. About two million years ago, vast sheets of ice moved south. These ice sheets are called glaciers. The glaciers grew and shrunk over the years. This created a series of ice ages. The last ice age ended between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago. Scientists believe an ice age could one day return.
  Glaciers form when temperatures are low and there is plenty of snow. The lower layers of snow turn to ice. Then, the ice begins to move. The snow on top slides on the ice underneath.
  The largest glaciers today are called continental glaciers. They cover Antarctica and most of Greenland. Continental glaciers can move as fast as 33 meters each day. Smaller glaciers are found in mountains all over the world. These are called alpine glaciers. They move only a few millimeters each day. Glaciers begin to recede when their ice melts faster than new ice forms.
  When a glaciers advances, it carries rocks and pieces of ground with it.  This can make a narrow valley broader and deeper. When a glacier retreats, it leaves a U-shaped valley, called a trough. Waterfalls often follow the path of glacial troughs.
 
 
 1. It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that two millions years ago
    (A) a long ice age was coming to an end
    (B) there were more glaciers in Europe than North America
    (C) most of the glaciers were located in the north
    (D) the temperature of the ocean changed
 
 
 2. What is implied by the information related to glaciers and valleys?
   (A) Glaciers cannot enter valleys.
   (B) Glaciers cut valleys.
   (C) Glaciers follow waterfalls.
   (D) Glaciers melt valleys.

【解答】 C/ B

【詳解】
1. It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that two millions years ago
    (A) a long ice age was coming to an end
    (B) there were more glaciers in Europe than North America
    (C) most of the glaciers were located in the north
    (D) the temperature of the ocean changed
 
***托福閱讀解題技巧:About two million years ago,vast sheets of ice moved south. Key words 為 two millions years ago,回原文定位,巨大冰原向南方移動。因此推論出大部分之glaciers 原來是位於北方。因此選擇 C。
 
 
2. What is implied by the information related to glaciers and valleys?
   (A) Glaciers cannot enter valleys.
   (B) Glaciers cut valleys.
   (C) Glaciers follow waterfalls.
   (D) Glaciers melt valleys.
 
***托福閱讀解題技巧:When a glacier retreats, it leaves a U-shaped valley, called a trough. Key words 為 glaciers 及valleys,回原文定位,當冰河後退時它會侵蝕切割地表形成U 型峽谷。故而選擇B。

經過戴爾美語老師解說示範,各位同學對於托福閱讀的推論及暗示題型的解題技巧是否更為熟悉了呢?別忘了多做托福iBT TPO練習,孰能生巧喔~~

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